Virginia at Six, Photograph, Sally Mann
The thing that attract me most in these images are the silhouette of the human body figure. The lines of the limbs and wet hair are beautifully adjusted, the child's facial expression is peace and grateful. The whole image gives out the innocence and pureness of child.
Fallen Child, Photograph, Sally Mann
ChrisSteven's LOGO on the website
Chris Stevens is a large distributor of paint which also provide products from bathrooms to tiles and flooring, almost cover everything for DIY house decoration. I get these introduction from their home page which is a reliable source of information. It is a multiple shop in London, one in Holloway Road and another at Colney Hatch, and the business has been existed for more than fifty years.
Introduction on website
Chris Stevens is a trade centre, and it's open to both business and public. I ask some questions about Chris Stevens to a local resident. It seems that people would be more willing to buy things from "trade centre" rather than walking into a general store. At the same time, fifty-years' experience help Chris Stevens build up their customer's trust, that's way they often choose it when they are consuming things for DIY house.
Artist Research-Rachel Whiteread
Rachel Whiteread is an artist who focus on "negative space" of buildings or everyday items. This piece of work is made into the shape of negative space of a shed. She used concrete as the material and didn't add colors or decorations to the piece. A pure, simple, negative space model, not anything else. I really like her idea of using this form of negative space to show "a house which is not a house".
This inspired me of using negative spaces to express my ideas about the connection between houses and hives, filling up the negative space of honey comb by plaster to make a moveable hexagonal prism, and add drawings or carve out the elements of human's houses.
Resin piece by Rachel Whiteread
Research- Marcel Duchamp
The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even, or The Large Glass (1915-1923)
In this work of Marcel Duchamp, he wanted to create a piece that could be visually recognized and read as a text message at the same time. Giving this sculpture double meaning is the main idea, which is inspired by Raymond Roussel's use of homophones. The concept of Marcel Duchamp's "double meaning" was similar to the Idea I 'm exploring, which is things could be very different when they are looked in a different angle.
This is one of the most famous piece from Marcel Duchamp, which brought out the idea of "readymade" in the art area at that time and become a storm of art revolution. "he initial R stood for Richard, French slang for "moneybags" whereas Mutt referred to JL Mott Ironworks, the New York-based company, which manufactured the porcelain urinal. "-The Art Story page for Fountain. The meaning of that made-up signature is another question to "Art" itself. What is art? A piece of work coming out from a artist? Do people need "certification" to be a artist? I want to learn this way of playing with reality and people's realization, and give out a question to my audience: "How do you see my work".
Architect Research: Frei Otto
"Visitors get the impression that they are floating through a »horizontal cabinet of wonder«.", this is how ZKM website comment about Frei Otto's work. Otto is one of the most famous architect in his time, his sculptural buildings were made from the inspiration which was gained from nature. Otto combined his observation with science and technology, which creates impressive beauty in these structures.
The details have been taken cared and I can feel how delicate the shape of the structure is. The whole piece is smooth in silhouette, which creates harmonious effect in visual. The balance in the structure of his model is the part I mainly want to focus my learning on. I'm thinking of performing a practice with a piece of sculpture of buildings or landscape, with inspiration absorbed from his work.
Research: One Child Policy
One-Child Policy is one of the measures released by the Chinese government in 1979 to reduce the population growth, which means that a couple can only get one child in china.
BBC case study about One-Child Policy :
Artist Research: Louise Bourgeois
Louise Bourgeois; Spider Couple (2003, bronze, silver nitrate patina); Art Basel Hong Kong 2016 (Gallery: Hauser & Wirth). Photo by longzijun.
Louise Bourgeois is a famous French installation artist. Her work was mainly influenced by surrealism and she is a proto-feminist artists. She was very good at capturing human's unconscious sexual desire and use it in her practice. Body of human is also an element she was focusing on.
"Bourgeois transformed her experiences into a highly personal visual language through the use of mythological and archetypal imagery, adopting objects such as spirals, spiders, cages, medical tools, and sewn appendages to symbolize the feminine psyche, beauty, and psychological pain."- Art story
She blurs the boundary between the real and the fake, and combined abstract expression with realistic scene. I love her way of playing with imagination and reality, and I want to study her ways of creating different forms of work. She never restrict herself to focus on only one form of art, but created different works included sculpture, installation, drawings and prints.
Louise Bourgeois, Turning Inwards (Installation View), via Hauser & Wirth
Artist Research: Christo & Jeanne
Like his contemporaries, Christo rebelled against abstraction, seeing it as too theoretical and proposing in its place a manifestly physical art composed of real things. Christo began by wrapping everyday objects, including tin cans and bottles, stacks of magazines & furniture.
In 1961 he started collaborated with his wife, Jeanne-Claude, using industrial materials like polypropylene sheeting, canvas & ropes to wrap objects. The use of fabric sometimes involved wrapping an object, sometimes a bundle; these coverings partly obscured the object’s contours and hampered its function, thus transforming it into an aesthetic presence.
Wrapped Trees, 1997-98
Surrounded Islands Miami, Florida, 1980-83
The way he chose to use to rebel is very interesting to me. The gauze wrapped around the trees gives out a sense of surrealism, and make those trees looked very abstract from far away. However, when people get closer, the details of the tree inside the wrap of gauze are still realistic. The difference between abstract and realistic become blurry, this is a very clever way of giving out question about what is abstract and realistic.
Inside Chris Stevens
Flooring in Chris Stevens.
Display of tiles and flooring in Chris Stevens
Honeycomb in the beehive
I get this image from a web shop selling honey. The way Chris Stevens use to display different texture of flooring and tiles are in the shape of honeycomb, which leads my thoughts to the bee hive.
The bee hive gets some kind of connection with hard-working people like bees. It makes me think of people in London set up their own place step by step like bees building up the hive, and Chris Stevens is a place which offers materials and equipment people need. This idea might be useful in this project, so I start to do more researches about bees.
Artist Research-Do ho Suh
USA - Radiator' (left) USA - Refrigerator' (right), 2013
Do ho suh is a Korean artist who use fabrics to make buildings and everyday items to express his memories of his traditional Korean home. The fabric is semi-transparent, and it's a traditional fabric Korean people used in the past because of its low price.
The semi-transparent visual effect is similar to one of the untitled piece created by Rachel Whiteread. The atmosphere Suh created by this effect was absolutely touching for me. When I'm looking at his work, it feel like I'm looking through his childhood in silence and peace. Everything seemed clear, but still covered with the mist of past.
Research of materials in each part of the house.
Artist Research: Mark Rothko
I want to do some experiments with print, but not so sure about the style of the image. Make the image in realistic style might be too hard for a starter, so I decide to research on artist who was good at using color blocks to express certain mood. I chose Mark Rothko as the artist.
Blue, Orange, Red, 1961, Oil on Canvas, Mark Rothko
In this oil painting, Rothko was using the color blocks to create contrast. The red frame make a opposite mood towards the blue blocks, which gives out a passionate, impetuous atmosphere through this impressive combination. The edge of color blocks is blurry, and the merger between blue and orange gives out a more complicated flavor of a mess, a crowd, noise and impatience.
Blue Green and Brown, Mark Rothko
In Blue Green and Brown, Mark Rothko expressed something different with the previous painting. The feeling from large area of blue was sorrow and loneliness. The brush stroke somehow give me an association about the silhouette of the shadow of the city. The painting in actual is in a very large scale, and this makes people sink into that kind of atmosphere easily, and start to think of things that happened to them which make them feel sad or lonely. The darken green and brown deepen the mood and make the painting become heavier in my view, which is a great use of color combination.
I want to learn about this ability of controlling color blocks and use certain color to express certain mood. The use of brush or other tool to make marks and trace in different shape will be important in my experiment too.
Artist Research: Nan Goldin
Artist Research: Zhiwen Tang
The object we get from museum session were two pencil drawings of Zhiwen Tang's "The Chinese Dream" series. The two drawings were both about One-Child Policy in China and his family's change of going through these years. His father experienced China’s urbanization process, and he was inspired by all the things happened to his family.
About his work in CSM: http://blogs.arts.ac.uk/csm/2016/06/26/take-five-zhiwen-tang/
"The Chinese Dream" was a graphic novel, and these two drawings are two of the most significant moments. In the first image, I can tell the family isn't wealthy as the kitchen and the bed are all in the same room. However, the parents are still having the second baby. In the environment at that time, having a second child means breaking laws, and the father would lose his job for that. The atmosphere in this drawing was heavy and dull, which was a expression of the tension in this family.
In the second image, the method creator use changed. The shape of the maze was transformed from the Chinese typography "计划生育"，which shows Tang's attitude towards this policy. He seemed strongly disagree with this policy as it brought horrible effect to his family life. He turns the policy into some kind of trap, and the power from government was pushing people into it. The way he use to express this idea interest me. The shape transformation of something and use it as a symbolization, this may be a thing I can used in my project work.
After some discussion, my group decide to work on this one child policy thing and develop our concept through it. The women's right of giving birth become a main direction.
Artist research: Joan Miro
JOAN MIRÓ, "LE RESUME CALCULE AVEC L’OISEAU".
1943. Mixed media 11 x 18,5 cm.
The Farm (1921)
Joan Miro is a Spanish surrealism and dada artist who do prints and painting. He was influenced by the folk art and Romanesque church frescoes. His works took things exist in real life and use lines and blocks of color to make them abstract. I really like his drawings and painting, the mark he make in the first work gets a childlike atmosphere and playful structure, which comes from the animals' shape. The feature was shown clearly with simple lines and dots, which is a skill that I want to learn about: simplify something by making its specific feature exaggerated and abstract.
"Artists have traditionally confined themselves to visual expression in a single medium with occasional forays into other materials. However, Miró was, in a sense, a modern renegade who refused to limit himself in this regard. While he explored certain themes such as that of Mother and Child repeatedly throughout his long career, Miró did so in a variety of media from painting and printmaking to sculpture and ceramics, often achieving surprising and disparate results."
-Art Story (https://www.theartstory.org/artist-miro-joan.htm )
Shape of Barbed wires
We want to apply this structure into our work of cages to show the meaning of restriction and hurt to the woman.